Advanced Dental Education

Assistant dean for advanced dental education
Steven G. Morrow

The School of Dentistry offers advanced dental education programs in specialty and nonspecialty disciplines of dentistry. Postdoctoral certificates, Master of Science (M.S.), and Master of Science in Dentistry (M.S.D.) degrees are available. The purpose of these programs is to offer candidates an opportunity to integrate advanced clinical training with meaningful exposure to applied basic science and research. For additional information and to submit an online application, interested applicants should visit the School of Dentistry Web site (Graduate Programs).

Advanced dental education programs leading to a professional certificate with an option to also pursue the Master of Science (M.S.) degree or the Master of Science in Dentistry (M.S.D.) degree are:

  • Dental Anesthesiology
  • Endodontics
  • Implant Dentistry
  • Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
  • Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics (M.S. degree only)
  • Pediatric Dentistry
  • Periodontics
  • Prosthodontics

These programs are organized to comply with the standards of the Council on Dental Education of the American Dental Association, and the objectives and content meet the requirements of the respective specialty boards. In addition, the programs in endodontics, oral and maxillofacial surgery, orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics, pediatric dentistry, periodontics, and prosthodontics are accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation, a specialized accrediting body recognized by the Council on Postsecondary Accreditation and the United States Department of Education. For additional information, the student may contact:

The Office of Advanced Education
Loma Linda University
School of Dentistry
Loma Linda, CA 92350

<llu.edu/dentistry/gradprograms>

Student learning outcomes (SLOs)

Graduate students and residents in advanced dental education programs are expected to:

  1. Understand the didactic foundation of their discipline and master the clinical skills required to utilize that foundation.
  2. Integrate advanced clinical training with meaningful exposure to the applied basic sciences.
  3. Engage in a project involving advanced clinical training with meaningful exposure to research.
  4. Integrate interdisciplinary treatment planning into their didactic and clinical activity.
  5. Apply for and pursue board certification in their discipline through the appropriate sponsoring organization.
  6. Understand the importance of developing a commitment to the University-wide student learning outcomes.

Residence

The required time in residence varies with each program. For the length of a program, refer to the information under each program description.

Stipends

Stipends are provided in the Dental Anesthesiology and the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery programs. Pediatric dentistry students are paid a stipend of $5,200.00 during the course of their training.  For details, contact the program director personally.

Tuition

Tuition and fees quoted in the school financial information section of this CATALOG are for the academic year 2016-2017.

Thesis

The student must complete a research project presented in thesis format and orally defend it according to the standards set by the Faculty of Graduate Studies. A written thesis, approved by the student's research committee, must be submitted to the Faculty of Graduate Studies in order to receive a satisfactory grade for the course.

Publishable paper

Students on the Master of Science in Dentistry degree track must submit a publishable paper no later than one year from the date they complete their certificate program. Candidates are admitted to only one master's degree track of their choosing.

General requirements

For information about requirements and practices which all graduate students are subject to, the student should consult Section II of this CATALOG.

Admission requirements for advanced dental education programs/postdoctoral programs

An appropriate degree from an accredited college or university is required for admission into the advanced dental education programs and postgraduate programs. A doctoral degree in dentistry (Doctor of Dental Surgery or Doctor of Dental Medicine) or the equivalent is required for admission to all programs. The applicant should have achieved a general grade point average of not less than 3.0 on a 4.0 scale, with no grade below 2.0. In addition to acceptable scholastic performance, the applicant must give evidence of personal and professional fitness for growth in the science and art of the intended dental discipline. For application deadlines, see the section on each individual program or refer to the chart on the following page.

After applicants are accepted into the advanced dental education programs in dental anesthesiology, endodontics, oral and maxillofacial surgery, pediatric dentistry, periodontics, prosthodontics, or the postdoctoral program in implant dentistry, they may apply for admission to the Faculty of Graduate Studies for the purpose of earning an M.S. degree; or to the Office of Advanced Education to earn an M.S.D. degree (in addition to the advanced program certificate). Applicants for the Master of Science (M.S.) degree who meet or exceed the minimum entrance requirements may be accepted to the Faculty of Graduate Studies (FGS) by the School of Dentistry's assistant dean for advanced dental education. The master's degree thesis must be completed, defended, and accepted in final form (as evidenced by a completed Form D) by both the graduate program and the Faculty of Graduate Studies. Students have up to five years from the date of acceptance of the certificate program to complete the requirements for the MS degree. All the M.S.D. requirements may be completed during the program but no later than one year from the candidate’s program completion date.

Admissions criteria for advanced dental education programs 2015

Program Official Transcript(s)1 Cumulative G.P.A.2 GRE3 National Boards Part I3 DAT TOEFL4 Letters of Recommendation
Dental Anesthesiology5 (24 mo./6 positions)Required3.0Not requiredRequired all applicantsNot requiredRequired (internationally trained)3
Endodontics 10 (27 mo./2 positions; 36 mo./1 position)Required3.0Not required for certificate programRequired (only U.S.-trained applicants)Not requiredRequired (internationally trained)3
Implant Dentistry (36 mo./3 positions)Required3.0Not required for certificate programNot requiredNot requiredRequired (internationally trained)3
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 11 (4 yrs./2 positions; 6 yrs./2 positions)Required3.0Not required for certificate programRequired (all applicants) score of 86 or higherNot RequiredRequired (internationally trained)3
Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 6, 7, 9 (27 mo./6 positions)Required3.0RequiredRequired (all applicants)Required (all applicants)Required (internationally trained)3
Pediatric Dentistry 10, 12 (24 mo./4 positions)Required3.0Required for internationally trained applicantsRequired (only U.S.-trained applicants)Not requiredRequired (internationally trained)3
Periodontics 8 (36 mo./3 positions)Required3.0Not required for certificate programRequired (only U.S.-trained applicants)Not requiredRequired (internationally trained)3
Prosthodontics (36 mo./4 positions)Required3.0Not required for certificate programRequired (only U.S.-trained applicants)Not requiredRequired (internationally trained)3

Application and program dates

Program LLU Applications Open LLU Applications Close Admissions Committee Meets Pass Applications Open Pass Applications Close Advanced Education Programs Start Date Advanced Education Programs Ending Date
Dental ANES1/1/20169/1/2016November5/2016 Match participant9/1/2016July 1June 30
ENDN1/1/20168/1/2016September5/20168/1/2016July 1Late September
IMPD1/1/20168/15/2016Decembern/an/aJuly 1June 30
OMFS1/1/20169/15/2016January5/2016 Match participant9/15/2016July 1June 30
ORDN1/1/20168/1/2016Novembern/an/aJuly 1Late September
PEDN1/1/201610/1/2016January5/2015 Match participant10/1/2016July 1June 30
PERI1/1/20169/1/2016 (rolling admissions)September5/20169/1/2016July 1June 30
PROS1/1/20168/1/2016September5/20168/1/2016July 1June 30
1

Transcripts. Transcripts from all postsecondary schools from which credit was received, whether or not the work pertains to your LLU degree, are required to complete your application. 

2

Grade Point Average (G.P.A.). A cumulative G.P.A. of 3.0 (on a 4.0 scale) is required for admission.

3

National Boards, Part I. Refers to Part I of the two-part U.S. National Board Examinations. Part II must also be submitted when available. All must be passing grades.

4

English Language Skills. Non-U.S. applicants for whom English is not their primary language and whose secondary education has been given outside the U.S. are required to take the TOEFL examination. They must demonstrate satisfactory verbal and written English language skills. A minimum TOEFL score of 550 (paper based) and 80 (internet based) is required. TOEFL scores are valid for two years from the test date.

5

Dental License. All applicants for the Advanced Education Program in Dental Anesthesiology who are not currently enrolled in a U.S. or Canadian dental school must have a current U.S. or Canadian dental license.

6

International Dentist Program. All graduates from non-ADA-accredited dental schools who apply to the Advanced Specialty Education Program in Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics must complete an accredited International Dentist Program.

7

Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics. This program requires applicants to meet the requirements for the certificate program and the Master of Science (M.S.) degree track. To be considered, applicants must take the GRE.

8

Periodontics. This program has a rolling admission process between January 1 and September 1, which means it reserves the right to fill some but not all of its entering class prior to the September 1 deadline.

9

Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics. The program reserves the right to admit selected students to the certificate program, which would require submission of a certificate application due by the regular application deadline.

10

Endodontics and Pediatric Dentistry. All applicants for the Endodontic and Pediatric Dentistry Program who have received their dental school training outside the U.S. or Canada must have a current dental license from their country and submit a notarized copy with their application.

11

National Board Medical Examination (NBME) Comprehensive Basic Science Examination. Applicants for the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Program who take the National Board Dental Examination (NBDE) Part I after January 1, 2012--and, therefore, do not have a numerical score--must take the National Board Medical Examination (NBME) Comprehensive Basic Science Examination and have their official test results reported to Loma Linda University by the application deadline.

12

TOEFL Scores for Pediatric Dentistry. The Pediatric Dentistry Program requires a minimum paper-based TOEFL score of 590 or an internet-based score of 90. TOEFL scores are valid for two years from the test date.

Master of Science in Dentistry (M.S.D.) Degree, Advanced

Graduate students and residents enrolled in certain advanced education programs are eligible to apply for and be awarded a Master of Science in Dentistry (M.S.D.) degree, if they fulfill all of the following requirements.

Admission process

  1. The following minimum requirements have been established for admission to the M.S.D. degree program:
    Admissions requirements
    • Cumulative grade point average (G.P.A.) of 3.0
    • Approval by the program director
    • Academic record of scholastic competence
    • Demonstrated professionalism and integrity
  2. A candidate for the M.S.D. degree must complete a Loma Linda University online Application for Admission and a Part I (Application for Admission for the Master of Science in Dentistry [M.S.D.] degree) form. The Part I form can be found in the advanced education section of Canvas. The Part I form must be accompanied by a research protocol approved by the candidate's research guidance committee (RGC) and reviewed by the School of Dentistry Research Committee.
  3. The Part I form must be signed by the applicant's program director and the research guidance committee (RGC) members.
  4. The completed Loma Linda University application, Part I form, and approved protocol are then reviewed for approval by the associate dean for advanced education to ensure all admissions requirements have been met.
  5. Accepted applicants will receive a letter of admission from the associate dean for advanced education. They must acknowledge acceptance of their admission electronically to the Office of Advanced Dental Education.

Master of Science (M.S.) Degree, Advanced

Graduate students and residents enrolled in certain advanced education programs are eligible to apply for and be awarded a Master of Science (M.S.) degree, if they fulfill all of the requirements stated below.

Admission process

  1. The following minimum requirements have been established for admission to the M.S. degree curriculum:
    Admissions requirements
    • Minimum cumulative grade point average (G.P.A.) of 3.0
    • Approval by the program director
    • Academic record of scholastic competence
    • Demonstrated professionalism and integrity
  2. An applicant to the M.S. degree must complete a Loma Linda University online Application for Admission, as well as a Form A (Petition for Admission to Candidacy). The online application is open to students already enrolled in a certificate curriculum. Form A is found on Canvas and must be accompanied by a research protocol approved by the applicant's research guidance committee (RGC) and reviewed by the School of Dentistry Research Committee.
  3. Form A must be signed by the applicant's program director and research guidance committee (RGC) members.
  4. The completed Loma Linda University application, Form A, and the approved protocol are then reviewed for approval by the associate dean for advanced education to ensure that all admissions requirements have been met.
  5. Accepted applicants will receive a letter of admission from the associate dean for advanced education. The prospective student must acknowledge acceptance of his/her admission electronically to the Office of Advanced Dental Education.

Grading system for advanced education programs

The following information outlines the grading systems for all postdoctoral students/residents enrolled in advanced education programs in the School of Dentistry. Each course taught in the school has been approved for either a letter grade or an S/U grade, and deviations from this are not allowed other than the MS grade as specified below.

Grades and grade points for postdoctoral students/residents

A4.0Outstanding performance
A-3.7Very good performance
B+3.3
B3.0Satisfactory performance for which credit is granted toward degree.
B-2.7Passing grade but cumulative G.P.A. must be 3.0 or higher to avoid academic probation.

Postdoctoral students/residents who receive one or more of the following grades in any quarter will be placed on academic probation if their cumulative G.P.A. is below 3.0.

C+2.3Remediation* required and cumulative G.P.A. must be 3.0 or higher to avoid academic probation.
C2.0Remediation* required and cumulative G.P.A. must be 3.0 or higher to avoid academic probation.

Postdoctoral students/residents who receive one or more of the following grades in any quarter will be placed on academic probation and must retake the course(s) for which these grades were received.

C-1.7Course must be retaken.
D+0.0Failure; course must be retaken.
D0.0Failure; course must be retaken.
F0.0Failure; course must be retaken.
SnoneSatisfactory performance, counted toward graduation. Equivalent of a B grade or better. An S grade is not computed in the grade point average.
MSnoneMarginally satisfactory, equivalent to a C+ or C; remediation* required.
UnoneUnsatisfactory performance, given only when performance falls below a B grade level. The U grade is not computed in the grade point average. Course must be remediated or repeated to count toward a degree.
S/NnoneSatisfactory performance in a clock hour course. Not included in total units. Same grading criteria as the S grade given for a credit hour course.
U/NnoneUnsatisfactory performance in a clock hour course. Not included in total units. Same grading criteria as the U grade given for a credit hour course.
CRnoneCredit earned for credit by examination. Counted toward graduation/units earned, but not units attempted. Such credit cannot be counted for financial aid purposes.
NCnoneNo credit for satisfactory performance for a credit by examination. Does not count for any purpose.

University policy states that "a student may repeat a course only once, and no more than two courses may be repeated in a student's degree program."

*

To remediate a course, a detailed, written plan must be developed by the course instructor/program director outlining how deficiencies will be remedied and reassessed. The plan must be approved by the Office of Advanced Education, after which the student is required to register for the appropriate directed study course in the quarter following receipt of the MS grade for the number of units to be remediated. Select SDCL 696 Directed Study for didactic courses and SDCL 896 Clinical Directed Study for clinical courses. An Independent Study Title Request form must be completed (electronically) by the student for each directed study course, and must include a description of the approved remediation plan.

Academic criteria for academic advancement and program completion

Postdoctoral student/resident

  • Cumulative, didactic, and laboratory G.P.A. at or above 3.0 (B).
  • Selection for advancement to Master of Science (M.S.) degree candidacy.
  • Selection for advancement to Master of Science in Dentistry (M.S.D.) degree candidacy.
  • Successful completion of all evaluations.
  • Successful completion of annual student evaluation (includes a review of entire academic record).

Academic disciplinary policy for advanced education programs

Academic probation

Academic probation is a specified period of time during which the student is given an opportunity to comply with specific academic standards. Such action must be confirmed by memorandum to the student. For a postdoctoral student/resident, a grade of 3.0 (B) is considered satisfactory performance for graduate credit.

Criteria for advisory notice of potential for academic probation (postdoctoral students and residents)

A postdoctoral student/resident will be sent an advisory letter of the potential for placement on academic probation under the following conditions:

  1. Term G.P.A. of 2.7 (B-).
  2. One or more courses with grade of C+ or lower.
  3. One or more courses with a grade of marginally satisfactory (MS).
Criteria for placement on academic probation (postdoctoral students and residents)

A postdoctoral student/resident will be placed on academic probation if s/he meets one or more of the following conditions:

  1. Term G.P.A. of 2.3 (C+) or below.
  2. One or more courses with C+, or lower; and an overall G.P.A. below 3.0.
  3. Failing (F/U/D+/D/D-) or unsatisfactory (C-) grades in any course required for the specialty certificate, Master of Science (M.S.) degree, or Master of Science in Dentistry (M.S.D.) degree program.
  4. Clinical performance below minimum expected for his/her year level.
  5. Social/behavioral/ethical problems that significantly impact academic and/or clinical performance.
Level of academic probation (postdoctoral student and resident)

The level of academic probation indicates the seriousness of the cumulative academic deficiency. However, depending on the seriousness or nature of the academic deficiency, a student/resident may be considered for academic leave of absence or discontinuation at any level of probation.

Level I

First term on academic probation.

Level II

Second term on academic probation, consecutive or nonconsecutive.

EXCEPTION: Continued academic probation due to failing grade in a course that cannot be repeated until a later term.

Level III

Third term on academic probation, consecutive or nonconsecutive. If a student/resident is unable to remove academic probationary status within the following term, s/he will be considered for academic discontinuation.

EXCEPTION: Continued academic probation due to failing grade in a course that cannot be repeated until a later term.

Level IV

If a student/resident meets criteria for academic probation for a fourth term, consecutive or nonconsecutive, s/he will be considered for academic discontinuation.

Restrictions for a student on academic probation

A student/resident on academic probation:

  1. May not serve as an officer for any class, school, or extracurricular organization.
  2. May not take any elective courses.
  3. May not participate in any elective off-campus, service learning, or mission activities.
  4. Remains on academic probation until all the terms of the probation sanctions have been fulfilled, unless the student/resident is discontinued.
Remedial action (remediation)

As a condition for continued enrollment, remedial action may consist of:

  1. Counseling, tutoring, and/or repeating assignments or course work; or completing additional assignments or course work--possibly including repeating an academic year or portion thereof.
  2. Other specified requirements.

Disciplinary actions

A student who is not performing up to expectations can receive the following:

  1. Restriction of clinical privileges--by program director.
  2. Academic probation (Level I to III)--by the associate dean for advanced education or upon recommendation of the program director.
  3. Behavioral probation (Level I to III)--by the associate dean for advanced education or upon recommendation of the program director.
  4. Clinical probation (Level I to III)--by the associate dean for advanced education or upon recommendation of the program director.
  5. Discontinuation--by the associate dean for advanced education or upon recommendation of the program director to the dean.

Probation

All recommendations to the associate dean for advanced education must be supported by well-documented evidence of repeated counseling and other internal measures designed to point out deficiencies and take corrective action through a detailed remediation program. A remediation program must be specific in design, implemented, and monitored for any student/resident who is not performing up to a program's stated standards. It is important to have documentary evidence on record by multiple faculty members with detailed accounts of dates, times, explanations of counseling, discussions, and corrective measures. Written statements from support staff should also be included if they have direct contact or knowledge of a matter involving a postdoctoral student/resident.

Postdoctoral students/residents may be placed on academic probation, behavioral probation, and/or clinical probation. Probation begins at Level I and may progress to Level III. Postdoctoral students/residents should be placed on probation for a prescribed period of time: one quarter, two quarters, etc. This information should be conveyed to a student/resident in writing (required) and also verbally (recommended).

Continuation

Students who are not progressing as expected may be continued in their year group for as long as necessary before being promoted to the next year or discontinued. To exercise this option, the associate dean for advanced education must inform University Records of the decision to continue a student/resident and state the anticipated length of that continuation. Program directors make the determination as to when to recommend continuing a student and when to recommend discontinuing a student/resident and allowing him/her to graduate or continue his/her studies. Invariably, the length of the continuation period will determine when a student/resident actually completes his/her program.

Discontinuation

Students who do not make any measurable improvement by the end of the prescribed remediation and counseling periods may be recommended for discontinuation by the associate dean for advanced education or upon recommendation of the respective program director to the associate dean for advanced dental education. Recommendations to discontinue a student/resident are then sent to the dean (in writing) for action.

Criteria for discontinuation

  • Three or more unsatisfactory or failing grades within the academic year, regardless of term or cumulative G.P.A.
  • Three consecutive quarters of academic probation.
  • Failure to fulfill terms of academic probation within the specified time period.
  • Failure to achieve eligibility for award of a certificate in the clinical specialty program within the standard number of full academic years.

Master of Science in Dentistry (M.S.D.) Degree, Advanced

Graduate students and residents enrolled in certain advanced education certificate programs are eligible to apply for and be awarded a Master of Science in Dentistry (M.S.D.) degree, if they fulfill all of the following requirements.

Degree requirements

  1. Students must perform scholarly activity as defined by the program director. Programs may differ in how this requirement is met in order to afford directors the opportunity to align such activity with the experience, background, and interest of each student and of the program faculty as a worthy and achievable goal is pursued. The nature of the scholarly activity will be defined in Part II (Statement of Completion for the Master of Science in Dentistry [M.S.D.] degree) of the degree application form as submission of a formatted, publishable manuscript.
  2. Students must successfully complete all the course requirements of the certificate curriculum, with additional units in research for the master's degree curriculum (see individual program descriptions at <llu.edu/dentistry/gradprograms>). Candidates complete sections I and II of Part II form to indicate their anticipated degree completion date.
  3. A publishable paper and public presentation of the research are required. The manuscript must be in a format approved by the respective program director.
  4. Students who do not complete the publishable paper while completing the curriculum will have one year from their program end date to fulfill this requirement.
  5. After conducting an internal degree audit, the program director completes and signs the Part III form (Statement of Completion) to verify that all requirements for the M.S.D. degree have been met.
  6. The associate dean for advanced education reviews the student's file and academic record (final degree audit) before signing the Part III form, signifying approval to award the Master of Science in Dentistry (M.S.D.) degree.

The M.S.D. degree is not offered by the advanced education program in orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics.

Master of Science (M.S.) Degree, Advanced

Graduate students and residents enrolled in certain advanced education programs are eligible to apply for and be awarded a Master of Science (M.S.) degree, if they fulfill all of the requirements stated below.

Degree requirements

  1. Applicants must undertake scholarly activity/research as defined by each program director. Programs may differ on how this requirement is met in order to afford directors the opportunity to align such activity with the experience, background, and interest of each student and of the program faculty as a worthy and achievable goal is pursued.
  2. Students must successfully complete all course requirements of the certificate curriculum, with additional units in research for the master's degree (see individual program descriptions online). Also, students must submit a completed Form C, Petition for Graduation, to indicate their anticipated degree completion date.
  3. A thesis and a public thesis defense are required. The thesis must be in a format approved by the thesis editor in the Faculty of Graduate Studies (FGS).
  4. Students who do not complete the thesis during their program will have five years from the beginning of the certificate program to fulfill this requirement for the master's degree.
  5. After conducting a degree audit, the program director completes and signs Form D, Statement of Completion of Requirements for Degree, verifying that all requirements for the M.S. degree have been met.
  6. After reviewing the student's file and academic record (final degree audit), the associate dean for advanced education signs Form D, indicating approval of the award of the Master of Science (M.S.) degree. Form D is then submitted to the Faculty of Graduate Studies (FGS) for final approval and degree issuance.

Applicants to the programs in implant dentistry, periodontics, and prosthodontics have the option to select an extended program (approximately four-and-a-half years in length) to pursue dual majors in two of these areas of study.

Students must complete all the requirements of each ADA-recognized specialty program—periodontics and prosthodontics, comparison; periodontics and implant dentistry, comparison; or prosthodontics and implant dentistry, comparison—to be eligible for board certification. Dual credit—up to 100 units—may be awarded for courses required by the two programs.

Individuals who wish to pursue the dual major option must indicate such interest by completing separate applications to both programs. Applicants in one of the optional dual major programs must not only meet the admissions requirements of each program, but must also be admitted to the advanced education programs they designate.

Length of program

  • Periodontics and Prosthodontics (up to 5 years in length)
  • Periodontics and Implant Dentistry (approximately 4 1/2 years in length)
  • Prosthodontics and Implant Dentistry (approximately 4 1/2 years in length)