Systems, Families, and Couples—Ph.D.

Program director
Zephon Lister

The Ph.D. degree in systems, families, and couples follows the scientist-practitioner model in which students are expected to develop expertise in research, teaching and professional practice. The three-to-four year, 103-unit curriculum includes two years of coursework, professional development and clinical practice leading to licensure or certification, and one year of supervised dissertation experience. The purpose of the curriculum is to develop family science scholars and practitioners who will advance theory, research, practice, and teaching in the fields of couple and family therapy and family social science. Students will be prepared for academic, professional, and clinical positions in universities, community mental health, and medical settings. Ph.D. students develop expertise in conducting original research using quantitative, qualitative, and mixed-method approaches; teaching in academic and community settings; and advanced clinical practice.

Ph.D. degree program specialty

The core academic curriculum is composed of 80 units of coursework in the areas of theory, research, and religion. Students then choose one of two specialties: (1) couples and family therapy; or (2) family studies. Each specialty includes 23 units of coursework. 

The family studies specialty focuses on skill development in the areas of family studies research, program development and evaluation, academic teaching, and family life education. This specialty meets the course requirements of the National Council on Family Relations for Certified Family Life Educator. More information on this certification can be found on the organization's official website at <http://www.ncfr.org>

The couples and family therapy specialty focuses on skill development in the areas of clinical research, academic teaching, medical family therapy/integrated behavioral health, and advanced clinical practice and supervision. This specialty is fully accredited by the Commission on Accreditation for Marriage and Family Therapy Education (COAMFTE), the accrediting body for the American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy (AAMFT). The couples and family therapy specialty fulfills the requirements to become an AAMFT-approved supervisor; and clinical training and practice qualifications to be a medical family therapist.

Knowledge and skills promoted

Theory 

Students study the work of original thinkers in systems, families, and couples; as well as the most recent developments within the fields of family studies and family therapy. They develop a critical understanding of the theoretical and philosophical foundations of the field, critically examine the interplay between the biopsychosocial-spiritual dimensions of relationships, become conversant in the current issues in the field of family science, and contribute to the discourse regarding them. Students will use this knowledge to advance the fields of family therapy and family studies. 

Research skills

Students develop skills and a critical understanding of the process of research and evaluation related to families and interventional work. A scientist-practitioner model is used to equip them with the ability to develop, consume, and apply research in professional practice. Students will develop expertise in social science statistical analysis; quantitative, qualitative, and mixed-method research methodologies; and grant writing.  

Teaching skills

The program provides experiential and didactic training for teaching in higher education and community settings. Through didactic training, students will be exposed to current trends and best practices in teaching. Students will examine various teaching and learning paradigms with the intention of helping them develop their own epistemology and philosophy of teaching. They will test and grow this epistemology through experiential training as they assist with courses (e.g., develop syllabi, lecture, and assignments) under the supervision of a faculty member. Students will be given opportunities to assist, facilitate, or co-facilitate courses on their own. 

Practice and supervisory skills

Students will apply a critical understanding of theory and research to work with couples and families, larger communities, and organizations. They will develop an in-depth understanding of clinical theory and its application to clinical practice. Advanced supervised clinical training and family life education opportunities will be provided throughout the course of the program. Additionally, students in the couples and family therapy specialty will develop skills as an AAMFT-approved clinical supervisor.

Personal development

The program encourages students to develop a clear understanding of themselves, and it invites reflection and consideration of the impact of their personal values, social positions, and contexts on their clinical and scholarly practices. Students are supported in the development of their strengths as they create epistemological frameworks and ethical consciousness to guide their research and practice. They are encouraged to engage beyond their local community to include experiences in wider cultural, social and global contexts.

Program learning outcomes

By the end of this program, the graduate should be able to:

  1. Analyze, synthesize, apply, and critique theories of human development and family therapy/family science to advance and integrate theory into research and practice in the field;
  2. Demonstrate knowledge and skills as a researcher in the field of marital and family therapy/family science through research, professional publication, and presentation;
  3. Demonstrate competency in teaching and supervision within academic and community settings;
  4. Become adept in systems/relational practice, demonstrating sophistication as a scientist/practitioner (only applies to CFT specialty);
  5. Develop a professional identity as doctoral-level family therapists/educators aligned with national practice standards, demonstrating service and professionalism through professional and community involvement;
  6. Be responsive to the societal, cultural, and spiritual contexts in which health and well-being are embedded;
  7. Be proficient in the legal guidelines of the marital and family therapy/family life education field, and develop an ethical consciousness that guides their practice in all aspects of professional work.

Financial assistance

For information regarding funding opportunities, see Student Aid in the financial polices section of this CATALOG.

Students who are accepted into the Ph.D. degree in systems, families, and couples may apply for work-study and department-funded research, teaching, and administrative assistantships awarded by the Department of Counseling and Family Sciences. Departmental awards are contingent upon the availability of funds.

Applicants must meet Loma Linda University and School of Behavioral Health admissions requirements; and give evidence of academic ability, professional comportment, and mature judgment. The Ph.D. degree curriculum represents advanced study over and above a standard master's degree curriculum in the field. Admission is based on an integrated evaluation of the following criteria:

  • Master's degree (for clinical track, master's degree must be in marital and family therapy or other clinical mental health discipline)
  • Grade point average (3.3 minimum)
  • Structured oral interview with department
  • Three letters of reference (two academic and one professional)
  • GRE scores (taken within the past five years). Due to issues associated with the COVID-19 pandemic, the GRE General Test is waived for all 2021-2022 applicants to doctoral programs in the School of Behavioral Health. Please do not submit GRE scores through ETS or report your scores in any application materials as they will not be taken into consideration.
  • Curriculum vitae (preferred, but not required)

The admissions committee uses the above criteria to evaluate applicants on each of the following equally weighted criteria:

  1. Academic preparedness
  2. Professional preparedness for doctoral study
  3. Research potential
  4. Ability to work with diversity
  5. Clinical and/or Family Life Education skills

Pre-entrance clearance:

  • A background check
  • Health clearance

Corequisites

Student transcripts will be evaluated on a course-by-course basis for the following areas of corequisite study. A plan of study incorporating these standard master's degree-level courses is available for students who have not completed these corequisites. See required master level courses.

Theoretical knowledge in family systems/relational therapy or family science8
Clinical knowledge in marital and family therapy or family life education16
Individual development and family relations8
Additional study in the three areas above4
Professional issues and ethics in marital and family therapy or family studies4
Research4
Additional related study4
Total Units48

A grade of B or better indicates that a student has mastered the knowledge, skill, and professional practice performance competencies outlined by the program. In order to progress successfully and complete the degree, students must meet both course and cumulative G.P.A. standards. The University allows students to repeat two courses per degree.  Course repeat expectations set by the School of Behavioral Health may be found in the general regulations section of this CATALOG.

Curriculum

Theory and practice
CFSD 505Advanced Family Studies: Theory Construction3
CFSD 506Foundations of Systems Thinking: Theory and Application3
CFSD 519Teaching in Higher Education3
CFSD 544Health and Illness in Families3
CFSD 546Multicultural and Global Mental Health3
CFSD 565Neurobiology of Relationships, Stress and Trauma: Family Science Applications3
Research
CFSD 545Research and Practice with Couples and Families3
CFSD 601Statistics I4
CFSD 602Statistics II4
CFSD 603Statistics III4
CFSD 605Advanced Quantitative Methods3
CFSD 606Issues in Family Research3
CFSD 611Qualitative Research Methods I4
CFSD 612Qualitative Research Methods II3
CFSD 625Grant Writing3
Specialty23
Choose one of the following specialty areas
Couples and family therapy
Fundamentals of Supervision in Marital and Family Therapy
Advanced Supervision in Marital and Family Therapy
Advanced Theory in Marital and Family Therapy
Introduction to Medical Family Therapy
Family Therapy and Medicine
Practicum in Couple and Family Therapy
Practicum in Couple and Family Therapy
Practicum in Couple and Family Therapy
Family studies
Marriage and the Family
Family Life Education I
Family Life Education II
Family Life Education III
Organizational Development and Change
Program Development for Families and Communities
Program Design, Evaluation and Monitoring
Spirituality
RELE 5__ or above3
RELR 540Wholeness and Health 33
RELT 5__ or above3
Dissertation
CFSD 698Dissertation Research 122
Total Units103
Professional development for specialty in couples and family therapy 2
CFSD 785ABegin Clinical Training in Couple, Marital, and Family Therapy0
CFSD 785BClinical Training in Couple, Marital, and Family Therapy 120
CFSD 786Professional Development Proposal0
MFTH 786A and 786B total combined units36
Professional Development Doctoral Portfolio 1
Professional Internship in Couple and Family Therapy 1
Total Units56
Professional development for speciality in family studies 2
CFSD 786Professional Development Proposal0
CFSD 786AProfessional Development Doctoral Portfolio 136

Noncourse requirements

Doctoral degrees in systems, families and couples will be awarded when students have completed all the required coursework and the following non-course requirements:

  • 1000 approved client contact hours (applies only to Couples and Family Therapy specialty).
  • 200 approved hours of clinical supervision (applies only to Couple and Family Therapy specialty).
  • Professional developmental portfolio criteria A (see program handbook for details) or written qualifying examination.
  • An oral defense of the doctoral dissertation.

Normal time to complete the program

Three (3) to four (4) years (13 academic quarters) — based on full-time enrollment

Additional required courses for MFT licensure in California

Students entering the Ph.D. program without a COAMFTE accredited master’s degree, who wish to obtain licensure in California, will be required to meet the course requirements of the M.S. in Marital & Family Therapy program.  A course-by-course evaluation will be done to determine which courses in the student’s previous master’s degree program fulfill specific course requirements for California licensure.