Physical Therapy — Ph.D

Program director
Everett B. Lohman III

The Department of Physical Therapy offers the Doctor of Philosophy degree in physical therapy.  This research-oriented program for physical therapists emphasizes pain and movement sciences and lifestyle health and wellness as it prepares graduates for research, teaching, and administration. Successful completion of a comprehensive written examination, written dissertation, and an oral defense of the dissertation are required. At the completion of the curriculum, the diploma will be awarded by the School of Allied Health Professions in conjunction with the Faculty of Graduate Studies.

It is the goal of the program to prepare graduates with:

  • Skills to design and conduct novel, original research; provide evidence of an understanding of research design and the ability to formulate and develop methodologies; collect and reduce data; interpret results; draw defensible conclusions; and effectively disseminate research findings;
  • Qualities of lifelong learning and commitment to scholarship after graduation;
  • Skills to add to the body of knowledge in physical therapy research literature through publications and presentations;
  • Ability to demonstrate a commitment to conducting research in neurology, orthopaedics, pain science, movement science, or lifestyle health and wellness; 
  • Ability to demonstrate a commitment to providing whole person care;
  • Skills to serve as an educator in entry-level, postprofessional and graduate-level physical therapy programs;
  • Ability to demonstrate personal and group leadership skills at institutional, professional, national, and global levels.

In addition to the stated institutional student learning outcomes (ILOs), the Ph.D. degree student is expected to meet the following programmatic student learning outcomes (SLOs):

Outcome 1 - Discovery. The student will demonstrate a commitment to discovery.
Outcome 2 – Dissemination. The student will demonstrate a commitment to the dissemination of knowledge through publications and presentations.
Outcome 3 – Evidence-based Practice. The student will demonstrate a commitment to developing treatment plans that follow current evidence-based and best practice guidelines.

Technology requirement

Students are required to have an iPad for the courses in the orthopaedic and neurology tracks, as well as for testing activities in all courses.  It is highly recommended that students have access to a personal computer (minimum: 800 MHz multimedia) with Internet access (minimum: 56 k.b.p.s. [connected at 44+ k.b.p.s.]).  A $60 technology fee is charged in years one and two.

Research funding

Each student will be required to conduct one or more research projects in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Doctor of Philosophy degree in physical therapy. The typical costs for student research projects range from $2,500 to $10,000. The physical therapy department will cover the first $2,500 of approved research expenses. The student and/or his/her sponsor will be required to cover any research-related expenses over this amount. When necessary, the program director and dissertation chair will assist the student in attempting to secure funding for unmet research expenses.

General requirements

For more information about program requirements and practices for graduate students, the student should consult the Policies and General Regulations in Section II and the School of Allied Health Professions in Section III of this Catalog. The student should also consult the Doctor of Philosophy's 26 elements for program specifics requirements.  These elements can be found at

In addition to Loma Linda University and School of Allied Health Professions admissions requirements, the applicant must also complete the following requirements:

  • Bachelors of Science degree in Physical Therapy plus a master’s degree, a Masters of Physical Therapy (MPT) degree, or a Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) degree from an accredited program or equivalency.
  • Minimum grade point average (GPA) of 3.3 in academic and professional coursework.
  • Proof of physical licensure or equivalency in the USA or their country of training.

Must also submit:

  • At least one example of written work (e.g., personal essay, term paper, publication, master’s thesis or project).
  • Curriculum vitae, including work history, formal education, continuing education, licensure and certification, professional organizations, honors, awards, publications, presentations, and grants.
  • A formal letter outlining research interests.
  • A structured oral interview.

Required units:

  • 103 – for students with a Bachelor of Science degree in physical therapy plus a Masters of Physical Therapy (MPT) degree or another appropriate master's degree
  • 82 – for students with a Doctor of Physical Therapy (D.P.T.) degree
Domain 1: Core courses
PTGR 518Topics in Rehabilitation1-6
PTGR 550Introduction to Psychoneuroimmunology: The Science of Whole Person Care3
PTGR 551Clinical Translation of Pain Science3
PTGR 552Pain Science: Interactions of the Brain and Body3
PTGR 557Doctoral Dissertation Seminar1
PTGR 553Clinical Reasoning and Critical Thinking in Physical Therapy3
PTGR 599Comprehensive Examination0
STAT 515Grant- and Contract-Proposal Writing3
Domain 2: Clinical specialization 19-18
Select from the following: (9 units required for students with a prior D.P.T. degree and 18 units required for students with a prior M.S./M.P.T. degree) 2
Integrative Approach to Early Rehabilitation
Advanced Orthopaedic Specialty Tracks I
Orthopaedic Intervention: Regional Interdependency of the Cervical Spine & Upper Extremities
Soft-Tissue Mobilization
Advanced Pediatric Clinical Practice
Function-Based Rehabilitation
Neurologic Upper Extremity Management
Advanced Clinical Practice I: Orthpaedic Rehabiltation
Advanced Clinical Practice II
Advanced Clinical Practice III
Cardiopulmonary Approaches to Assessment, Wellness, and Disease
Movement Science of the Upper Quarter 4
Movement Science: Lower Quarter Biomechanical Relationships 4
Topics in Rehabilitation 3
Cervical Spine
Lumbar Spine
Assessment and Management of the Knee
Advanced Neurological Rehabilitation
Women's Health Issues I
Residency Level Advanced Seminars
Advanced Orthopaedic Procedures I
Advanced Orthopaedic Procedures II
Advanced Orthopaedic Procedures III
Upper Quarter Biomechanics
Lower Quarter Biomechanics
Domain 3: Sciences and applied sciences
Select from the following: (9 units required for students with a prior D.P.T. degree and 15 units required for students with a prior M.S./M.P.T. degree.) In addition to the courses listed, students may select another 3-unit science-related course with approval from dissertation chair.) 29-15
Pathology I
Pathology II
Muscle Energetics and Biochemistry
Advanced Physiology I: Neurobiology
Advanced Physiology II: Exercise and Thermoregulation
Upper Quarter Biomechanics
Lower Quarter Biomechanics
Pharmacology in Physical Therapy
Medical Screening for Physical Therapists
Clinical Imaging for Physical Therapist
Domain 4: Lifestyle health and wellness
Select from the following: (3 units required for students with a prior D.P.T. degree and 6 units required for students with a prior M.S./M.P.T. degree)3-6
Lifestyle Health and Wholeness
Managing Stress
Therapeutic Humor in Health Care
Spirituality and Health: The Wholeness Connection
Mind-Body Interactions and Health Outcomes
Domain 5: Education, administration, and leadership9
Select from the following:
Educational Evaluation and Clinical Assessment
Transformational Teaching and Learning
Curriculum Development in Higher Education
Administration in Higher Education
Collaborative Learning in Higher Education
Theoretical Foundations of Leadership
Personal Leadership
Directed Teaching
Active Online Learning
Professional Systems in Management I
Political Advocacy and Health Policy for Physical Therapists
Domain 6: Religion
Select one course from the following:3
Ethics for Scientists
Ethics and Health Disparities
World Religions and Bioethics
Bioethics and the Law
Explorers of the Moral Life
Select one course from the following:3
Religion and Global Health
Health Care and the Dynamics of Christian Leadership
Spirituality and Everyday Life
Wholeness and Health
Art and Science of Whole Person Care
Personal and Family Wholeness
Seminar in Religion and Health Care Leadership: Current Trends
Select one course from the following:3
World Religions and Human Health
Theology of Human Suffering
Seminar in Religion and the Sciences
Domain 7: Research and statistics (24-27 units)
Not required of all students. See footnotes for details.0-3
AHRM 581Research and Statistics I3
AHRM 582Research and Statistics II3
AHRM 605Critical Analysis of Scientific Literature 52,3
PTGR 693Research and Statistics III: Development and Approval of Research Topic and Questions3
PTGR 694Proposal Development and Institutional Review Board Approval3
PTGR 695Research and Statistics V: Data Collection 66
PTGR 696Research and Statistics VI: Data Analysis3
PTGR 699Research and Statistics VII - Dissertation3
Total Units82-109

All courses will be focused toward research topic and/or movement science.


Courses to be selected in consultation with program director and dissertation chair to enhance the student's knowledge base in regards to their research topic.


Two topics are offered as separate registrations:  1) Manual Therapy and 2) Sports Medicine.


PTGR 516 Movement Science of the Upper Quarter and PTGR 517 Movement Science: Lower Quarter Biomechanical Relationships (or equivalency) required for students who have not taken these courses in prior M.P.T. or D.P.T. program.


Required for M.S./M.P.T.  Required for D.P.T. if course, or equivalent, not taken prior to entrance into the program.


Course to be taken twice – each registration (3 units) pertains to the data collection for one of the two required papers.

Comprehensive Examination
PTGR 599 Comprehensive Examination  is designed to establish that the student has a broad understanding of physical therapy, research biostatistics and basic research methodology, education, bioethics, and professionalism. Since Education is a component of the comprehensive exam, students are encouraged to select a minimum of 9 units of teaching/education-related courses from Domain 5. The written comprehensive examination will be administered after students have successfully completed the majority of required courses in Domains 1-6. The comprehensive examination will typically occur during the summer quarter of the student’s second year in the Ph.D. in Physical Therapy program.

Noncourse requirement

Advancement to Candidacy
The student may apply for advancement to candidacy after a) passing the comprehensive examination, b) securing support from their research guidance committee, and c) successfully defending their research topic and questions. The Candidate’s capacity for original, independent investigation and scholarly achievements must be demonstrated by the presentation and oral defense of an acceptable dissertation in order to participate in the commencement ceremony. The candidate must submit a written dissertation to the LLU Faculty of Graduate Studies. The candidate must also submit a minimum of two papers for publication. One paper must be accepted for publication to fulfill program completion requirements.

Normal time to complete the program

4 years (16 academic quarters) — full-time enrollment required