International Dentist Program — D.D.S.

The International Dentist Program, founded by Dr. Lloyd Baum in 1985, is designed to allow qualified dentists educated in countries outside the United States to earn the Doctor of Dental Surgery (D.D.S.) degree in the United States. More than 500 students from eighty-one countries have graduated from the program.

The D.D.S. degree from a U.S. dental college is an educational requirement for eligibility to take the dental licensure examination in many states. The program has a minimum length of two academic years (twenty-four calendar months); but it may be extended, when necessary, to meet the needs of a particular student.


The student is subject to the conditions of registration, attendance, financial policy, governing practices, and graduation requirements outlined in Section II and in the School of Dentistry general information in Section III of this CATALOG.

Applications are available online at <>. Requests for information are accepted by e-mail or telephone.

Admission requirements

  • Dental degree from a recognized international dental school.
  • Successful completion of the National Dental Board Examination, Part I and Part II.
  • TOEFL examination, with a minimum score of twenty (20) in each area of the Internet-based examination.  To be competitive, a score of 100 or higher is recommended.
  • Dental school transcript (evaluated by an LLU-approved organization).

Other documentation is required, as outlined in the application.  All application material sent to the Office of Admissions becomes the property of the school.

Students currently enrolled in a similar program at another university are not eligible to apply and will not be accepted for admission.

Application procedure

  1. CAAPID application. The Centralized Application for Advanced Placement for International Dentists (CAAPID) application is completed online by the applicant at <>. It takes approximately 4 weeks for CAAPID applications to be processed and sent to the dental school where the applicant has applied.

  2. Supplemental application. The applicant then receives an email invitation from LLU to complete an electronic supplemental application.

  3. Supplemental application deadline. The applicant must return the completed supplemental application and materials within thirty (30) days.  This includes an essay specific to Loma Linda University, a photograph, and the application fee of $150.

  4. Transcripts.  Official transcripts and diploma or certificate with English translations and documentation of all postsecondary education must be mailed directly to LLU from all colleges/universities attended by the student. If the dental education was received in India, transcripts must be sent directly from the University and not the dental school college.  Applicants submitting a WES evaluation are exempt from submitting official transcripts to LLU.

  5. Official Foreign educational credential evaluation report(course by course evaluation) mailed directly from WES, ECE, or AACRAO; links available at

  6. Non-English Language Documents. Must be submitted in their original language along with an English translation.

  7. Language. All classes are conducted in English, and patients treated in the clinic communicate in English. Applicants must demonstrate competence in both written and spoken English.

  8. References. Two letters of recommendation, preferably from former teachers or mentors who can attest to applicant’s character, conduct, and professional ability.  Members of the applicant's family are excluded from writing the required letters of reference, although letters will be accepted for the file in addition to those required. Letters should be sent directly to CAAPID.

  9. Photograph.  A recent passport size photograph uploaded through your supplemental application.

  10. Deadline. To be considered, the CAAPID and LLU applications and all required documents must arrive at the School of Dentistry Office of Admissions by June 1.  All documents sent to Loma Linda become property of LLU.

  11. Selection process

    • Screening:  Completed applications submitted before the application deadline will be given priority consideration by the Office of Admissions.

    • Admissions testing:  Is by invitation only and is conducted one or more Sundays in the fall.

    • Interview :  Based on Admissions testing, applicants may be invited to interview .

    • Final selection:  The applicant's admissions testing results, interview and application file, are presented to the School of Dentistry Admissions Committee for final selection. Thirty-two (32) applicants are accepted each year for enrollment in the International Dentist Program which begins in the Summer term.

  12.  Deposits. A student accepted into the International Dentist Program must submit a deposit of $4,000 USD to Loma Linda University within 30 days of acceptance. Deposits become part of the first term’s tuition. Failure to submit this deposit will result in the loss of the applicant’s position in the class.

  13.  Financial requirement. Students applying for or holding F-1 U.S. student visas are required by U.S. immigration regulation to pay for the first year's tuition and fees and provide documented evidence of sufficient funds for their second year prior to enrolling. For students eligible for government-sponsored financial aid programs, only the first term tuition is required at the initial registration.  

  14. Financial aid. A financial aid advisor and financial aid programs are available. Applicants should contact the Office of Financial Aid at e­ mail <>; or by telephone, 909-/558-4509. Web site information can be obtained at <>.

  15. Pre-entrance health requirements/immunizations. It is expected that necessary routine dental and medical care will have been attended to before the student registers. New students are required to have certain immunizations and tests before registration. Forms to document the required immunizations are provided for the physician in the registration information made available electronically to the student by LLU. In order to avoid having a hold placed on registration, the student is encouraged to return the documentation forms to Student Health Service no later than six weeks prior to the beginning of classes.

For a complete list of required immunizations and tests, see Section II of this CATALOG under the heading "Health Care." Documentation verifying compliance with this requirement must be provided before registration can be completed.

For further information, consult the Student Handbook, Section V--University Policies--Communicable disease transmission prevention policy; or contact the Student Health Service office at 909/558-8770.

If a returning student is assigned to a clinical facility that requires a tuberculosis skin test, the student is required to have the test within the six months before the assignment begins.

Students in the International Dentist Program have the same benefits, including health-care coverage, as are described elsewhere in this CATALOG.

CodeTitleClock HoursTotal Units
Third Year
DNES 504Curricular Practical Training for IDP60600.0
DNES 707Personal Development20202.0
DNES 800Interprofessional Laboratory Experience1440.0
ENDN 831Endodontics I10101.0
ENDN 832Endodontics II60602.0
ENDN 835Endodontics IV40401.0
IDPC 815Clinical Orientation I - IDP1130412.0
IDPC 816Clinical Orientation II - IDP30301.0
IDPC 817Clinical Orientation III - IDP30301.0
IDPC 825General Clinics45045015.0
IDPG 718Communication Basics for the International Student10101.0
IDPG 845Evidence-Based Dentistry22222.0
IDPO 720Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology for the IDP Program20202.0
IDPO 723Patient Assessment and Data Management I20202.0
IDPO 725Patient Assessment and Data Management II1133442.0
IDPO 726Patient Diagnosis and Treatment Planning1133442.0
IDPO 728Patient Diagnosis and Treatment Planning II20202.0
IDPO 826Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery22222.0
IDPO 827Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery22222.0
IDPP 754Fundamentals of Periodontics22222.0
IDPP 755Pediatric Dentistry Clinic—IDP48481.0
IDPP 756Pediatric Dentistry22222.0
IDPP 756LPediatric Dentistry Laboratory44441.0
IDPP 759Periodontal Therapy22222.0
IDPR 701Operative Dentistry I1133442.0
IDPR 702Operative Dentistry II1133442.0
IDPR 704Introduction to Occlusion22222.0
IDPR 750Dental Materials22222.0
IDPR 761Removable Prosthodontics I1133442.0
IDPR 762Removable Prosthodontics II1133442.0
IDPR 763Removable Prosthodontics III1133442.0
IDPR 771Fixed Prosthodontics I1133442.0
IDPR 772Fixed Prosthodontics II1133442.0
IDPR 773Advanced Prosthodontics for IDP1133442.0
IDPR 803Operative Dentistry III1133442.0
IDPR 854Implant Dentistry for the IDP Student2244663.0
ORDN 801Minor Tooth Movement1816342.0
PEDN 821Pediatric Dentistry II12121.0
PHRM 503Clinical Pharmacology in Dentistry20202.0
RESD 811Dental Materials II12121.0
Fourth Year
DNES 504Curricular Practical Training for IDP60600.0
DNES 817Practice Management I for IDP Students20202.0
DNES 818Practice Management II for IDP Students20202.0
IDPC 835General Clinics57057019.0
IDPC 845General Clinics - Direct Patient Care54054018.0
IDPO 534Oral Medicine: Orofacial Pain and TMD1 222222.0
IDPO 821Clinical Management of the Older Adult10101.0
ODRP 807Oral Medicine I: TMJ/Orofacial Pain I12121.0
ODRP 826Oral Medicine IV: Clinical Oral Pathology and Oncology20202.0
ORDN 811Principles of Orthodontics II11111.0
RELE 734Christian Ethics for Dentists20202.0
RELR 749Marriage and Family Wholeness20202.0
RELT 740World Religions and Human Health20203.0
RESD 823Aesthetic Dentistry16161.0
RESD 823LAesthetic Dentistry Laboratory30301.0
Total Units68378116383102138

This course may be taken in the third or fourth year. 


Course for IDP students offered in odd-numbered years

Normal time to complete the program

2 years at LLU—full-time enrollment required

Program director

Mark Estey


H. Brooks Burnsed

Michael J. Fitzpatrick

Paula M. Izvernari

Balsam F. Jekki

Rami R. Jekki

Ronald L. Sorrels

Klaus D. Wolfram

International Dentist Program/Clinics Courses

IDPC 815. Clinical Orientation I - IDP. 2 Units.

Introduces the electronic patient record, reviews radiology safety, discusses professional liability, and introduces clinical regulatory compliance in dentistry. Introduces partner activities involving data gathering, radiology, periodontic activities, and photography.

IDPC 816. Clinical Orientation II - IDP. 1 Unit.

Builds on IDPC 815. Continues instruction related to the electronic patient record; discusses patient-management techniques, treatment planning, and practice-management issues; discusses clinic policies and infection control. Discusses financial planning for patients, as well as quality assurance and improvement. Continues partner activities, interpretation of data, and case presentation—including periodontal diagnoses.

IDPC 817. Clinical Orientation III - IDP. 1 Unit.

Builds on IDPC 815 and IDPC 816. Continues instruction related to the electronic patient record, bridging the transition from preclinical to clinical experience. Discusses long-term assessment of care outcomes and professional relationships. Continues partner activities.

IDPC 825. General Clinics. 15 Units.

Includes direct patient care through rotations in urgent care, pediatric, service learning, and screening blocks. Requires registrations Autumn and Winter quarters of the IDP3 year to fulfill the total units.

IDPC 835. General Clinics. 19 Units.

Includes direct patient care through rotations in urgent care, pediatric, service learning, and screening blocks.

IDPC 845. General Clinics - Direct Patient Care. 18 Units.

Includes direct patient care.

International Dentist Program/General Courses

IDPG 718. Communication Basics for the International Student. 1 Unit.

Student develops interpersonal competencies in the various professional communication roles expected of a dentist. Topics include team building, cross-cultural communication, dental fears and phobias, mental illness, and behavior change.

IDPG 845. Evidence-Based Dentistry. 2 Units.

Scientific methods in dental research. Includes critical evaluation of published articles, research design, statistical analysis, evaluation of results, design of research reports, extensive reviews of various topics.

International Dentist Program/Oral Pathology Courses

IDPO 534. Oral Medicine: Orofacial Pain and TMD. 2 Units.

Differential diagnosis of orofacial and temporomandibular joint pain, including basic guidelines for initial therapy. Utilizes TMD patient cases for group and class discussions. Introduces diagnosis and treatment of neuropathic pain and headaches. Case presentations focus on nonodontogenic pain that presents as toothache and/or gingival pain. Offered Winter Quarter of odd-numbered years for IDP3 and IDP4 students.

IDPO 535. Oral Pathology and Diagnosis. 3 Units.

Graduate-level survey of pathology. Studies developmental, infectious, immunologic, neoplastic, and metabolic disorders of the head and neck. Includes epidemiology, etiology, clinical and/or radiographic features, microscopic features, and management of disease. Emphasizes differential diagnosis and management of dental lesions.

IDPO 720. Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology for the IDP Program. 2 Units.

Emphasizes the integral role played by the radiographic examination in the diagnostic process in dentistry, in conjunction with the clinical examination. Reinforces the basic principles of oral and maxillofacial radiology.

IDPO 723. Patient Assessment and Data Management I. 2 Units.

Introduces students to all portions of the comprehensive oral evaluation—including medical/dental history interview, patient examination, and data management. Introduces and uses the problem-orientated record in diagnosis and treatment planning. Includes supervised clinical experience with fellow students as patients. Student provides a comprehensive oral evaluation of a classmate, which provides the basis for a comprehensive treatment plan.

IDPO 725. Patient Assessment and Data Management II. 2 Units.

Builds on IDPO 723 by continuing physical evaluation, data collection, and the problem-oriented dental record. Supervised clinical experience with fellow students as "patients." Student develops a treatment plan and presents it to the patient. Continued computer-based treatment plan management.

IDPO 726. Patient Diagnosis and Treatment Planning. 2 Units.

Discusses treatment options in treatment planning, with case-based treatment planning exercises. Introduces computer-based treatment plan management.

IDPO 728. Patient Diagnosis and Treatment Planning II. 2 Units.

Additional concepts of diagnosis and treatment planning, treatment plan presentation, and patient consent. Indications and processes for limited and periodic evaluations. Case-based, small-group treatment planning exercises.

IDPO 821. Clinical Management of the Older Adult. 1 Unit.

Instruction in the multidisciplinary medical and dental assessment and management of older adults. Includes clinical experience in a multidisciplinary team setting.

IDPO 826. Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. 2 Units.

Reviews oral and maxillofacial surgery—including medical history pharmacology, instrumentation, procedures, dental emergencies, and complications. Includes a laboratory component.

IDPO 827. Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. 2 Units.

Sequential course following IDPO 826. Reviews oral and maxillofacial surgery—including preprosthetic surgery, dental alveolar surgery, implant surgery, oral trauma, maxillofacial trauma, and preoperative infections. Reviews medications in the treatment of dentally related diseases and their potential interaction with total patient care. Emphasizes local anesthesia and nitrous oxide theory and technique. Includes clinical partner practice in local anesthesia and nitrous oxide.

International Dentist Program/Periodontics and Pediatric Dentistry Courses

IDPP 754. Fundamentals of Periodontics. 2 Units.

Overview of clinical periodontics—including etiology of periodontal disease, oral hygiene instruction, scaling, root planing, antimicrobial therapy, and a variety of surgical concepts and techniques. Anticipated results of therapy, including options of surgical versus nonsurgical approaches. Includes a laboratory component.

IDPP 755. Pediatric Dentistry Clinic—IDP. 1 Unit.

Dental care of children in their primary, fixed, and young permanent dentition. Etiology of disease, prevention of oral disease, growth-and-development analysis, treatment planning, restorative procedures, and arch length control.

IDPP 756. Pediatric Dentistry. 2 Units.

Dental disease prevention (oral hygiene, diet, fluoride, pit and fissure sealants). Behavior management of the child dental patient. Diagnosis, treatment planning, and operative dentistry for children. Pediatric pulp therapy, dental arch-length management, local anesthesia and sedation for children. Medical aspects of pediatric dentistry.

IDPP 756L. Pediatric Dentistry Laboratory. 1 Unit.

Technique course that accompanies IDPP 756. Student performs operative procedures for amalgam and composite resin on simulated primary and young permanent teeth. Student performs pulpotomies on primary molar teeth and prepares primary teeth for stainless steel, open-faced stainless steel, and resin crowns. Fabricates unilateral and bilateral space maintainers.

IDPP 759. Periodontal Therapy. 2 Units.

Variation in periodontal diseases related to differing host conditions, including: age, hormones, habits, drugs, genetics, nutrition, stress, systemic disease, iatrogenic factors, trauma from occlusion, and endodontic interrelationships. Overview of surgical periodontal procedures and their roles, limitations, and effects. Surgery outcomes compared with short- and long-range effects of conservative therapy (with and without maintenance care, including effect of adjunctive chemical plaque control). Role of dental health-care providers in periodontal therapy. Special problems in periodontal care.

International Dentist Program/Restorative Courses

IDPR 701. Operative Dentistry I. 2 Units.

Reviews the basic principles and techniques used in cavity preparation and restoration of teeth with silver alloy. Lecture and laboratory course.

IDPR 702. Operative Dentistry II. 2 Units.

Extends basic principles and techniques of cavity preparation and restoration of teeth with aesthetic restorative materials. Studies the source, use, and manipulation of dental materials and their physical properties relative to dentistry. Lecture and laboratory course.

IDPR 704. Introduction to Occlusion. 2 Units.

Studies the temporomandibular joint, muscles of mastication, and the teeth in static and dynamic positions.

IDPR 750. Dental Materials. 2 Units.

Reviews current dental materials, with evidence-based dentistry.

IDPR 761. Removable Prosthodontics I. 2 Units.

Reviews the basic clinical and laboratory removable prosthodontic procedures involved in the fabrication of removable prosthesis. Includes a laboratory component.

IDPR 762. Removable Prosthodontics II. 2 Units.

Reviews the laboratory phases of diagnosing, planning treatment for CD, immediate CD, and relines. Includes a laboratory component.

IDPR 763. Removable Prosthodontics III. 2 Units.

Biomechanics of removable partial dentures and their design and fabrication. Diagnosis and treatment planning for removable partial dentures. Clinical and laboratory procedures and sequencing of treatment for removable partial and complete dentures. Lecture and laboratory course.

IDPR 771. Fixed Prosthodontics I. 2 Units.

Reviews basic tooth preparation for single-casting restorations, tissue management, impression techniques, and temporary restorations. Lecture and laboratory course.

IDPR 772. Fixed Prosthodontics II. 2 Units.

Reviews the basic design and fabrication of multiple unit fixed partial denture, tissue management, impression techniques, and temporary restorations--including single units and fixed partial dentures. Lecture and laboratory course.

IDPR 773. Advanced Prosthodontics for IDP. 2 Units.

Introduces CAD/CAM restoration and laser use in dentistry. Course includes a laboratory component.

IDPR 803. Operative Dentistry III. 2 Units.

Indications, preparations, and placement of the direct and indirect veneer, atypical cast gold, posterior, partial-coverage porcelain restorations, and WREB-type restorations. Lecture and laboratory course.

IDPR 854. Implant Dentistry for the IDP Student. 3 Units.

Scientific and technical foundation for implant surgery and expansion of basic implant procedures. Postplacement care, long-term maintenance, and clinical complications associated with dental implants. Emphasizes restoration of single implants, multiple quadrant posterior implants, and over-denture implants. Lecture and laboratory course.