Respiratory Care (Traditional) — B.S.
Richard D. Nelson
Director of clinical education
Abdullah K. Alismail
N. Lennard Specht
Loma Linda University offers two Bachelor of Science degree curricula in respiratory care (respiratory care therapy). The traditional curriculum is for students who have had no previous education in respiratory care and who have completed the program prerequisites. The advanced practitioner postprofessional B.S. degree curriculum is for students who have an Associate in Science degree in respiratory care from a CoARC-accredited respiratory care program and who wish to earn a Bachelor of Science degree in respiratory care.
The two-year, upper division curriculum leading to the Bachelor of Science degree is a sequence of professional course work intended to prepare competent respiratory therapists with advanced abilities in clinical care. Course work may be designed toward meeting entrance requirements for the Dentistry, Medicine, and Physician Assistant programs.
Those electing to study on a part-time basis must complete the junior and senior years within a four-year period.
Upon completion of the curriculum, the graduate should:
- Collect and review pertinent clinical information and suggest and implement diagnostic procedures, according to age-specific criteria.
- Select, obtain, assemble, maintain, and correct malfunctions on all respiratory therapy equipment.
- Administer medications via aerosol, subcutaneous, and other appropriate routes of delivery, according to age-specific criteria.
- Apply current and advanced respiratory care concepts and treatment plans in the areas of ventilatory support systems (invasive and noninvasive), medical gas therapy, gas exchange therapy, airway care, and advanced resuscitation techniques, according to age-specific criteria.
- Assist the physician in the performance of all diagnostic or therapeutic procedures related to cardiopulmonary function.
- Function as an efficient member of the interdisciplinary team.
- Demonstrate advanced knowledge and clinical skill in specialty areas selected from:
- neonatal/pediatric critical care
- adult critical care
- cardiopulmonary diagnostics
- hyperbaric medicine
- sleep disorders medicine
- cardiopulmonary rehabilitation
- extended care
In addition to the stated institutional learning outcomes, the respiratory care student is expected to meet the following learning outcomes:
- Demonstrate basic cardiopulmonary knowledge in respiratory care.
- Demonstrate advanced knowledge and clinical skills in respiratory care practice.
- Demonstrate critical thinking skills in respiratory care.
- Pass the National Board for Respiratory Care (NBRC) Therapist Multiple-Choice Self-Assessment Examination (TMC-SAE) and NBRC Clinical Simulation Self-Assessment Examination (CSE-SAE), which are both required for on-time graduation.
Professional licensure and credentialing
Graduates of CoARC-accredited respiratory care programs must apply to the state of California Department of Consumer Affairs Respiratory Care Board (RCB) for a license to practice in the state. The RCB requires that graduates of respiratory care programs complete general and respiratory care education courses with grades of C or above—resulting in a minimum of an Associate in Science degree in respiratory care. Graduates must successfully complete an examination for licensure, declare felony convictions, and undergo fingerprinting. License denial may occur due to prior criminal conviction(s). Inquiries regarding the RCB can be directed to 3750 Rosin Court, Suite 100, Sacramento, CA 95834; telephone: 916/999-2190; fax: 916/263-7311; or website: <www.rcb.ca.gov> or via e-mail: <RCBinfo@dca.ca.gov>.
The National Board for Respiratory Care, Inc. (NBRC), provides nationally recognized credentialing examinations for graduates of accredited respiratory care programs. Those who successfully complete the therapist multiple choice examination and the advanced clinical simulation examination receive the registered respiratory therapist (RRT) credential. Additional advanced practitioner examinations are required for adult critical care specialist (ACCS) credential, neonatal-pediatric specialist certification (NPS), certified (CPFT) and registered (RPFT) pulmonary function technologist, and sleep disorders specialty (SDS) credential. The RRT credential is required by the state of California for licensure to practice respiratory care. NBRC inquiries can be made to 10801 Mastin Street, Suite 300, Overland Park, KS 66210; telephone: 913/895-4900; fax: 913/712-9283; or website: <www.nbrc.org>.
Respiratory Care Program accreditation is provided by the Commission on Accreditation for Respiratory Care (CoARC). Standards and guidelines published by CoARC must be met and should be relevant to general and respiratory care education and to ongoing program assessment and improvement. Inquiries regarding CoARC can be directed to 1248 Harwood Road, Bedford, TX 76021-4244; telephone, 817/283-2835; or website: <http://www.coarc.com/>. The Respiratory Care Program at Loma Linda University is CoARC-accredited.
Admission to the Bachelor of Science degree program in Respiratory Care is open autumn term of each year. In addition to Loma Linda University and School of Allied Health Professions admissions requirements, the applicant must also complete the following requirements:
A minimum of 78 degree transferable quarter units (52 semester units) per program director approval or hold an AS degree.
Complete the subject requirements noted as prerequisites.
Arrange for an interview at the University by appointment (an off-campus or telephone interview can be arranged for the distant applicant).
Complete a minimum four hour observation / interaction with a respiratory therapist. This may be scheduled following your interview.
A maximum of 105 quarter or 70 semester units (didactic only) from an accredited junior college will be accepted as transfer credit.
Domain 1: Religion and humanities (28–32 quarter units)
The study of religion must include an average of 4 units of religion course work for every 48 quarter units earned while attending a Seventh-day Adventist college or university.
Humanities: Choose three areas totaling a minimum of 12 quarter units (8 semester units) from: civilization/history, fine arts, literature, modern language (non-conversational), performing/visual arts (not to exceed 4 quarter units), or philosophy.
Domain 2: Scientific inquiry and analysis (24–32 quarter units)
Scientific inquiry and analysis encompass both the natural and social sciences. Choose a minimum of 12 units from:
- Human anatomy and physiology with laboratory, complete sequence or general biology with laboratory, complete sequence
- Microbiology with laboratory
- Introductory chemistry with laboratory, complete sequence; or general chemistry with laboratory, complete sequence
- High school-level physics or introductory physics, one quarter/semester in college; or general physics, one quarter/semester in college (High school courses do not count toward the 12 units required to fulfill GE requirements.)
Two years high school mathematics with grades of C or above, or intermediate algebra in college
The study of social sciences must include a minimum of 12 quarter/8 semester units.
- Introductory or general psychology course
- Cultural anthropology or an approved course dealing with cultural diversity
- Choose remaining social sciences from: economics, geography, political sciences, or sociology.
Domain 3: Communication (9–13 quarter units)
English composition, complete sequence
Choose additional units from:
- Speech or interpersonal communication
- High school-level computers or introductory computers course (Only college-level courses, transferable to a four-year college count toward total unit requirement.)
- Other areas of study in communication may include courses in computer information systems, critical thinking, and public speaking.
Domain 4: Health and wellness (2–6 quarter units)
To encourage the pursuit of lifelong leisure activities and wellness, the study of health and wellness must include at least two physical activity courses totaling a minimum of 1 quarter unit; and one course in personal health or nutrition. Additional units may include other areas of health, nutrition, and physical fitness.
Domain 5: Electives:
Electives to meet the minimum total requirements of 192 quarter units
For total unit requirements for graduation, see LLU General Education Requirements.
|Alternate summer entry if non-block co-requisite courses are needed. Requires program director approval.|
|AHCJ 326||Fundamentals of Health Care||2|
|AHCJ 328||Wholeness Portfolio I||0|
|HLCS 241||Medical Terminology||2|
|RSTH 304||Cardiopulmonary Anatomy and Physiology||4|
|RSTH 331||Pharmacology I||2|
|RSTH 334||Patient Assessment||2|
|RSTH 341||Respiratory Therapy Science I||5|
|AHCJ 328||Wholeness Portfolio I||0|
|AHCJ 402||Pathology I||4|
|RSTH 332||Pharmacology II||2|
|RSTH 342||Respiratory Therapy Science II||5|
|RSTH 366||Diagnostic Techniques||3|
|RSTH 381||Cardiopulmonary Diseases I||2|
|RSTH 391||Respiratory Care Practicum I||2|
|AHCJ 305||Infectious Disease and the Health-Care Provider||1|
|AHCJ 328||Wholeness Portfolio I||1|
|AHCJ 403||Pathology II||3|
|RELE 4571||Christian Ethics and Health Care||2|
|RSTH 323||Pulmonary Function Methodology||3|
|RSTH 343||Respiratory Therapy Science III||4|
|RSTH 382||Cardiopulmonary Diseases II||2|
|RSTH 392||Respiratory Care Practicum II||2|
|Summer Quarter 1|
|RSTH 393||Respiratory Care Practicum III||5|
|RSTH 404||Critical Care||4|
|EMMC 316||12-Lead ECG Interpretation||2|
|RELT 406, 423, 436, or 437||Adventist Beliefs and Life||2|
|AHCJ 465||Seminars in Leadership||2|
|AHCJ 498||Wholeness Portfolio II||0|
|AHRM 471||Statistics and Research for Health Professionals I||3|
|RSTH 354||Case Studies in Adult Respiratory Care||2|
|RSTH 421||Perinatal and Pediatric Respiratory Care||2|
|RSTH 434||Advanced Patient Assessment||2|
|RSTH 441||Respiratory Therapy Science IV||3|
|RSTH 494||Respiratory Care Practicum IV||3|
|AHCJ 498||Wholeness Portfolio II||0|
|AHRM 472||Statistics and Research for Health Professionals II||3|
|RELR 4751||Whole Person Care||2|
|RSTH 422||Advanced Perinatal and Pediatric Respiratory Care||2|
|RSTH 424||Exercise Physiology and Pulmonary Rehabilitation||3|
|RSTH 444||Case Studies in Neonatal/Pediatric Respiratory Care||2|
|RSTH 466||Advanced Diagnostic Techniques||2|
|RSTH 495||Respiratory Care Practicum V||2|
|AHCJ 498||Wholeness Portfolio II||1|
|RELT 4162||God and Human Suffering||2|
|RSTH 464||Case Management in Respiratory Care||2|
|RSTH 471||Instructional Techniques I||2|
|RSTH 474||Cardiopulmonary Health Promotion and Disease Prevention||2|
|RSTH 496||Respiratory Care Practicum VI||3|
|Summer term for completion of non-block co-requisites requires program director approval.|
A minimum of 192 quarter units is required for the Bachelor of Science degree in respiratory care.
May substitute with another course of the same prefix and level.
May substitute with any REL_ course of the same level
Normal time to complete the program
4 years — 2 year (7 academic quarters) at LLU based on full-time enrollment.
Alternate summer term entry to include all co-requisite course requirements
For students who need to complete co-requisite courses that are not included in the 7 academic quarter block course sequence, the program length is a maximum of two years plus an additional Summer term (9 academic quarters). The alternate entry for these students is Summer Term of each year preceding the Fall Term block sequence. On acceptance, an academic plan specifying the program length (8 or 9 academic quarters) and the courses selected during the alternate Summer terms is to be approved by the program director.